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  1. CERAMIC

    Ceramic is a material which is obtained from clay pastes and other substances available in nature. In its natural state, ceramics is very ductile, while it becomes very hard after firing. Many products are made of ceramics – from cladding, covering products, bricks, sanitary wares, mechanical and aeronautical products and solutions used in the building induswww. Ceramics offers countless decorative opportunities, it is resistant to abrasion and atmospheric conditions, to fire and to chemical attacks.

  2. CERAMIC TILES

    Ceramic tiles are relatively thin slabs of ceramic materials in various sizes and thicknesses.

     As with all ceramic materials – for example (plates, cups, etc.), sanitary ware (wash basins, bidets, lavatories, etc.), building materials (bricks, roof tiles, hollow tiles, etc.) – ceramic tiles are made from a mixture of clay, sands and other natural substances. These pastes are prepared and then made into the required shapes. They are then fired at high temperatures.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  3. CERAMICS OF ITALY

    CERAMICS OF ITALY is the quality mark of Italian ceramic industry in the world. Atlas Concorde ceramics can boast the Ceramics of Italy mark; this mark can only be included on Made in Italy ceramic products which are truly produced by manufacturers who are members of Confindustria Ceramica and who have adhered to the Ethical Code, which requires ceramic tile producers to clearly state the origin of their products.

  4. CHEMICAL FEATURES (ISO 10545-13 – ISO 10545-14)

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The resistance to chemical attack refers to the behaviour of the ceramic surface when exposed to aggressive chemicals which, due to their composition and chemical features, can corrode the ceramic surface and alter its technical and/or aesthetic performance.

     

    The resistance is divided into:

     

        • Resistance to household chemicals (ISO 10545-13)
        • Resistance to high-concentration acids and alkalis (ISO 10545-13)
        • Resistance to low-concentration acids and alkalis (ISO 10545-13)
        • Resistance to staining (ISO 10545-14)

     

    Thanks to its surface compactness (as for FULL-BODY COLOURED AND TECHNICAL PORCELAIN STONEWARE collections) and to the use of glazes that are able to resist to the attack from aggressive chemicals (as for GLAZED PORCELAIN STONEWARE collections) ATLAS CONCORDE porcelain stoneware features high chemical inertia, except for HYDROFLUORIC ACID and ITS DERIVATIVES that affect any kind of ceramic material.

  5. CLAY

    Raw material used for the manufacturing of ceramic tiles.

    Its most important features are: plasticity, hardening during drying, rigidity after firing, shrinkage during drying and firing.

  6. CO-GENERATION

    It is the simultaneous production of both electricity and useful heat. In this specific case, it is a high energy efficiency element that maximises the recovery of heat obtained by the generation of electricity, using it in ceramic manufacturing processes. 

     

    Atlas Concorde production sites are equipped with co-generation plants able to rationalise energy costs.

  7. COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR THERMAL EXPANSION (ISO 10545-8)

    See Thermo-hygrometric features >>

  8. CORNER TILE OR ANGULAR ELEMENT

    Trim tile for wall cladding, square-section junction element, it is used to clad the external edge created by two surfaces placed at right angles.

  9. CRAZING RESISTANCE (ISO 10545-11)

    See Thermo-hygrometric features >>