03 Maintenance and CLEANING of ceramic tiles

  1. How does the FIRST CLEANING of PORCELAIN STONEWARE have to be carried out?

    Cleaning after installation is of fundamental importance to ensure a correct subsequent maintenance of the tiled surface. This cleaning eliminates residues as well as dirt such as cement, glue, paint and other kinds of dirt.

     

    Once the grout has aged properly (at least 3-4 days), the cleaning  detergent can begin using a buffering acid, but it must be carried out in strict accordance of the instructions of use and dilution percentages stated by the manufacturer of the detergent.

     

    Atlas Concorde recommends the use of FILA DETERDEK, as this product does not produce hazardous fumes and is not aggressive on grout lines. This detergent must be used as follows:

     

        • Use FILA DETERDEK diluted 1:5 (1 litre FILA DETERDEK in 5 litres of hot water, result: 1litre/40m²)
        • Sweep the floor and then spread the diluted acid solution evenly using a scrubbing-brush, a mop or a rough cloth for residential floors, while larger surfaces should be cleaned using a single-brush equipped with green buffering disks specifically designed for use on such surfaces
        • Leave the detergent to act for a few minutes depending on the amount and type of dirt
        • Use an abrasive sponge such as a Scotch-brite or a scrubbing-brush with nylon bristles for textured surfaces, or, in the case of large surfaces with a single-brush equipped with green disks and liquid suction capability
        • Collect any residue using a cloth or the liquid suction equipment
        • Rinse with hot water repeating the operation more than once until complete elimination of any rim or dirt residue present on the cavities of textured tiles

    Should some areas of the floor remain dirty, repeat the acid washing with a higher concentration of cleaner.

     

    WARNING:

     

    This procedure can be aggressive towards materials and objects placed close to the tiled surface; for example doors and window sills made of marble, metallic shutters and others; it is advisable to protect these materials before proceeding with the cleaning.

     

  2. How does the FIRST CLEANING of WHITE BODY TILES have to be carried out?

    Cleaning after installation is of fundamental importance to ensure a correct subsequent maintenance of the tiled surface. This cleaning eliminates residues as well as dirt such as cement, glue, paint and other kinds of dirt.

     

    Once the grout has aged properly (at least 2 days depending on weather conditions), the cleaning using a neutral detergent can begin, but must be carried out in strict accordance of the instructions of use and dilution percentages stated by the manufacturer of the detergent.

     

    Atlas Concorde recommends the use of FILA CLEANER used as follows:

     

        • Use FILA CLEANER diluted 1:10 (1/2 litre FILA CLEANER in 5 litres of hot water, result: 1litre/80m²);
        • Remove the grout dusting residue from the tile surface using a clean, dry cloth then distribute the diluted neutral detergent uniformly using a sponge of the kind Scotch-brite on its smooth side (usually yellow);
        • Leave the detergent to act for a few minutes depending on the amount and type of dirt;
        • Use an abrasive sponge such as a Scotch-brite or a scrubbing-brush;
        • Collect any residue using clean and dry cloth;
        • Rinse with hot water.

  3. How does the FIRST CLEANING of DECORS and SPECIAL TRIMS with inserts (gold-silver) have to be carried out?

     

    The materials used for these decors have the same features of precious metals.

     

    Extreme care must be taken during their installation and during cleaning; avoid the use of abrasive products that can scratch and damage the surface.

     

    For the cleaning of these trims, Atlas Concorde recommends the use of a soft cloth with water and alcohol.

     

    For these reasons, no claims for damage will be accepted once the materials have been installed.

     

    Never use abrasive materials and products for the cleaning of these surfaces, only use a cotton cloth and alcohol or specialist detergents for the cleaning of gold, copper and metals. In the case of oxidation of silver pieces, clean with a cloth to revive original brilliance.

     

  4. How does the ORDINARY CLEANING of PORCELAIN STONEWARE surfaces have to be carried out?

    A proper cleaning consists in using a wet cloth or a sponge with an everyday neutral detergent for ceramic tiles of the kind FILA CLEANER and following the manufacturer instructions.

     

    Avoid the use of waxing products, while the cleaning of large surfaces is best carried out using washer-drying machines.

     

    Atlas Concorde recommends:

     

    DAILY:
        • Remove dust by sweeping the floor and using suitable brooms, woollen clothes and/or a vacuum-cleaner
        • Wash the surface using FILA CLEANER (neutral low-residue detergent) diluted 1:200 (a small coffee cup in a bucket with 5 litres of water) using a wet cloth which must be frequently rinsed in the solution

     

    WARNING:

     

    If, after any kind of washing, the floor shows residual marks, wash the floor rinsing frequently and with an abundance of water.
    Never use excessive amounts of detergent unless the floor is particularly dirty and correct rinsing of the floor must be carried out during cleaning.

     

    AT REGULAR INTERVALS:
        • Carry out a degreasing washing using FILA PS/87 diluted in water (1:20) (if possible in hot water as it increase effectiveness) then rinse with an abundance of water; or, where a descaling washing proves necessary, use FILA DETERDEK diluted in water (1:20) (if possible in hot water as it increase effectiveness) then rinse with an abundance of water

     

    WARNING:

     

    Should some areas of the floor remain dirty, repeat the descaling washing with a higher concentration of cleaner.
    The operator in charge of this maintenance procedure must always test the solution on a small area of the floor.

  5. How does the ORDINARY CLEANING of WHITE BODY TILES have to be carried out?

    A proper cleaning consists in using a wet cloth or a sponge with a commonly used neutral detergent for ceramic tiles and following the manufacturer instructions.

     

    Avoid the use of acid, alkaline and waxing products.

     

    Atlas Concorde recommends:

     

        • To carefully remove dust using a clean, dry cloth
        • Wash the surface using FILACLEANER (neutral low-residue detergent) diluted 1:200 (a small coffee cup in a bucket with 5 litres of water) using a wet cloth which must be frequently rinsed in the solution

     

    Never use excessive amounts of detergent unless the floor is particularly dirty and correct rinsing of the floor must be carried out during cleaning.

  6. How does the ORDINARY CLEANING of DECORS and INSERTS have to be carried out?

    Please refer to the answer relevant to the first cleaning procedures of decors and inserts.

  7. How can stains be removed from ceramic tiled surfaces?

    Extraordinary maintenance is a procedure to be carried out only in the case of particularly resistant stains and rims that cannot be removed with ordinary cleaning procedures.

     

    The removal of these resistant stains occurs via a chemical reaction between the stain itself and the detergent; depending on the type of dirt various different solutions can be adopted as shown in the following chart.

     

    INORGANIC DIRT 

     SOLUTION

    Coal, scale, plaster, chalk, metallic scratches, rust, graphite, tempera… 

    ACID (*)

    of the kind FILA DETERDEK

    ORGANIC DIRT 

    SOLUTION

    Cola, coffee, wine, beer, ice-cream, mayonnaise, jam, marmalade, shampoo, lipstick… 

    ALKALINE

    of the kind FILA PS/87

    Tyre marks, rubber sole marks…

    SYNTHETIC DIRT 

     SOLVENT

    Resin, oily rims, wax, paints and varnishes, ink, felt-tip pens… 

    DILUENT, ACETONE, FILASOLV…

     

    (*) These procedures must be carried out using a wet sponge or a cloth depending on the size and area covered by the stain, after this treatment the floor must be washed with an abundance of water and then dried.